EMD-WRF Europe+ (ERA5)

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EMD-WRF Europe+ Domain


The EMD-WRF Europe+ (ERA5) dataset (or 'EMD-EUR+' for short) is our most accurate, high-resolution mesoscale dataset covering an Europe Plus domain. It is based on ERA-5 reanalysis data from ECMWF (http://www.ecmwf.int) as its boundary conditions. As a premium dataset, a ‘EMD-WRF Europe+ (ERA5)’ subscription gives you instant access to 2.5 million continuously updated onshore and offshore mesoscale time series. The domain area is shown in the figure to the right.

Direct access to time series via windPRO’s user friendly Online Data Service - i.e. no delivery time!

The WRF mesoscale model is run in an optimized configuration at a high spatial resolution of 3km to produce hourly time series. Spatial visualization of the full domain is included via windprospecting.com - and typically accessed from within windPRO.

The timespan of the data set is more than 20 years back and is accessed via windPRO’s user friendly interface to on-line data and requires payment of an annual subscription fee. The EMD-WRF Europe+ (ERA5) dataset is the successor of the EMD-ConWx Meso Data Europe.

ERA5(T) and ERA5 as forcing data in the EMD-WRF Europe+ (ERA) dataset
During early December 2019, ECMWF released the ERA5(T) dataset. ERA5(T) is preliminary ERA5 data, but updated with a shorter five calender day delay. From summer 2022, ECMWF did make the ERA5(T) data available for the native, reduced Gaussian grid. This is a major improvement over the previous release schedule (before summer 2022), where the ERA5 Gaussian grid data came with a 2-3 month delay/lag due to ECMWF releases. Read more about ERA5 and ERA5T on our ERA5(T) Rectangular Grid dataset-page. EMD-WRF Europe+ (ERA5) now uses both ERA5 (final) and ERA5(T) data, see more on the update schedule below.

Dataset Overview

  • Content:: High-resolution and our most accurate mesoscale dataset covering an Europe+ domain.
    127 different parameters with focus on renewable energy applications.
  • Spatial Resolution: 3km
  • Temporal Resolution: Hourly.
  • Coverage: See image to the right. Coverage is a pan-european domain.
  • Period: 20+ years - the EMD databases holds data from 1999 until present day.
  • Update schedule:
    • Currently, EMD is updating this dataset once a month. The mesoscale dataset is available around the 20th of the month, where all data from the previous month will be available. The actual date may vary, as it depends on the availability of the forcing data (ERA5 from ECMWF) and high-performance computing time.
    • Once the final ERA5 data becomes available (after 2-3 months) a check will be made if the final data released by ECMWF differs from the preliminary data. If so, the data will be updated but according to ECMWF they do not expect changes to happen very often - and in the event that it does happen - it will be communicated to users. At EMD we will communicate any such changes to the windPRO users as well.

More on Release Schedule and Availability

Data is updated monthly with approximately 3 weeks delay defined by ERA-5's availability (from ECMWF), download time from the Copernicus Climate Datastore (from EU-Storage Servers) and computational efforts regarding EMD's high-performance computer clusters (from EMD). Before contacting support because of delays in the release schedule, please check ERA-5's availability on the ERA5 availability page (see link below). 'EMD-WRF Europe+ (ERA5)' data cannot be computed at EMD HPC before ERA-5 data is available and have been downloaded to our storage system.


The model-setup has been thoroughly validated by EMD using 300 high-quality meteorological masts spatially distributed in the modelling domain. The performance is documented in this detailed validation report (see Validation Report) - and briefly summarized in the graph below.

Probability curves for R2 based on 300 quality masts from wind power projects.

In addition to the EMD-validations, the general EMD-WRF modelling setup has been evaluated in a number of external benchmarks. We have a separate EMD-WRF Benchmark Wiki-Page that holds links to those investigations. If you complete a benchmark study with EMD-WRF data then please let us know - (see contact information here) - and we will add your reference to our benchmark page.

Dataset Parameters

A total of 127 sensors (parameters) are ready available for in-depth analysis directly in windPRO. The different parameters in the EMD-WRF Europe+ (ERA5) dataset that are available from within windPRO are shown in the table below.

Table: Overview of EMD-WRF Europe+ (ERA5) Dataset Parameters (3 km grid).
Parameter Unit Description Type
time UTC time stamp (YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM)
wSpeed.x m/s Wind speeds at different heights above ground (x).
Heights (x): 10,25,50,75,100,150,200,300,400,500,750,1000,4000m
wDir.x deg Wind directions at different heights above ground (x).
Heights (x): 10,25,50,75,100,150,200,300,400,500,750,1000,4000m
sqrtTKE.x m/s Wind speed given as standard deviation in m/s. Derived from the turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) at different heights above ground (x). Use with caution, and avoid use for site assessment and loads as variability is underestimated.
Heights (x): 10,25,50,75,100,150,200,300,400,500,750,1000,4000m
press.x Pa Pressure at different heights above ground (x).
Heights (x): 10,25,50,75,100,150,200,300,400,500,750,1000,4000m
temp.x celcius Temperature at different heights above ground (x).
Heights (x): 10,25,50,75,100,150,200,300,400,500,750,1000,4000m
rh.x % Relative humidity at different heights above ground (x).
Heights (x): 10,25,50,75,100,150,200,300,400,500,750,1000,4000m
cloudWater.x mg/kg Cloud water content at different heights above ground (x).
Heights (x): 10,25,50,75,100,150,200,300,400,500,750,1000,4000m
cloudIce.x mg/kg Cloud icing content at different heights above ground (x).
Heights (x): 10,25,50,75,100,150,200,300,400,500,750,1000,4000m
psfc Pa Pressure at site Instantaneous
msl Pa Pressure at mean sea level Instantaneous
wSpeed.850hpa m/s Wind speeds at pressure level 850hPa. Instantaneous
wDir.850hpa deg Wind speeds at pressure levels 850hPa. Instantaneous
temperature.2 celcius Temperatures at 2m Instantaneous
waterTemp celcius Water temperature Instantaneous
soilTemp.0-10cm celcius The temperature in the upper 10 cm of the soil Instantaneous
relHumidity.2 % Relative humidity in height 2m above ground level Instantaneous
snowDepth m Snow depth (if present) Instantaneous
vis.s m Visibility at surface Instantaneous
sensHeatFlux.s w/m2 Sensible Heat Flux at surface Instantaneous
totPrecip.s kg/m^2 Total Precipitation at surface 1h Accumulated
downShortWaveFlux.s w/m2 Downward shortwave irradiance at surface 1h Average
swdDir.s w/m2 Direct shortwave irradiance at surface 1h Average
swdDif.s w/m2 Diffuse shortwave irradiance at surface 1h Average
cloudBottom m Height of cloud bottom Instantaneous
cloudTop m Height of cloud top Instantaneous
totalCloudCover.a % Total cloud cover in atmosphere 1h Average
convCloudCover.a % Convective cloud cover in atmosphere 1h Average
rmol 1/m Inverse Monin-Obukhov-Length
znt m Rougnhess length Instantaneous
u* m/s U-start (friction velocity) Instantaneous
pblh m Height of the PBL boundary layer Instantaneous

Required Modules/Licenses

To access the EMD-WRF Europe+ (ERA5) mesoscale data the following licenses/modules are required in your windPRO setup:

  • Basis
  • EMD-WRF Europe+ (ERA5)

When the license fee is paid, you then have access to the full dataset without further cost. The price is available from the price-list on the EMD-homepage. Downloading of data is unrestricted for licenced users, however, a "fair use" policy applies. Unlicenced users may download three months of data from any point, however, multiple downloads are not allowed from the same point. With a license to the EMD-WRF Europe+ dataset, you will also have free access to its predecessor, the EMD-ConWx dataset for Europe.

Visit EMD online ordering to purchase the needed licences.


  • Model development and integration of this dataset into EMD services - was co-supported through the WindPROSPER project. The windPROSPER project is co-funded by the Danish Innovation Fund and the EuroStars framework programme.


If data from this dataset is used within any private or public disseminations, then EMD and its data providers must be acknowledged.

EMD-WRF Europe+ (ERA5) - Copyright (c) - EMD International A/S, 2019. Distribution through EMD and windPRO.
This dataset uses ERA5 which is being developed through the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S). 
Data processing and distribution for ERA5 is carried out by ECMWF.

External Links